Medidas económicas para hacer frente a los efectos del Covid-19: comparación entre República Dominicana y otros países

La crisis del COVID-19 ha hecho que los países activen todo tipo de protocolos. Además de las medidas sanitarias tomadas desde el inicio de la Pandemia, se han empezado a aplicar otro grupo de medidas destinadas a compensar el impacto económico en los diversos sectores de la sociedad. En este análisis comparamos las medidas económicas tomadas en la República Dominicana y en una selección de países de Latinoamérica y Europa

Sectors and workers most vulnerable to the effects of Covid-19 in Puerto Rico

The Covid-19 will have a large impact on our economy. Estimates from local economists point to a GDP drop between 2.6% and 5.2% in FY 2020 ($2.5B to $5B). However, this confinement period will not affect all businesses and employees in Puerto Rico equally. In this information “capsule” we will identify the employee groups most vulnerable to the effects of Covid-19 amongst the main sectors of our economy

PR Banking Industry Report Q4 2019

The local banking industry has gone through a profound and long-lasting consolidation process since 2010, with only three remaining banks surviving, Popular, FirstBank, and Oriental. With this consolidation came a steep decline in assets, deposits, and loans. From 2009 to 2016, total banking assets decreased by 38% or $34.9 billion, deposits by 24% or $14.4 billion, and loan portfolios by 38% or $23.5 billion. However, 2016 seems to be a turning point in the financial condition of local banks with assets increasing by 21%, deposits by 33%, and loans by 8% during the 2016-2019 period. The banks that have survived the latest wave of consolidations exhibited a strong financial performance in 2019, posting a consolidated Pre-Tax ROE of 13.7%. Their productivity, credit quality, and capital position in 2019 were solid and moving in the right direction, posting a cost-to-income ratio of 57.9%, a nonperforming loans ratio of 5.0%, and a Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio of 21.0%. Looking into the rest of 2020, the banking sector will likely benefit greatly from the imminent inflow of $8.285 billion in Community Development Block Grant Mitigation (CDBG-MIT) funds which have been made available by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), after months of delay. Additionally, new Current Expected Credit Losses (CECL) regulations will likely have material operational implications as well as financial ones.

Are local banks penalized for operating in Puerto Rico?

The economic uncertainty that Puerto Rico has experienced in recent years has had a negative effect on the market value of banks that have their main operations located in the Island. However, the solid performance of local banks in terms of profitability and capital adequacy has translated into important increases in market capitalization, eliminating or significantly reducing their market risk premium.

Informe de V2A sobre la banca de RD – Enero a Septiembre 2019

El primer semestre del año 2019 se caracterizó por una ralentización de la economía en República Dominicana con un crecimiento del Índice Mensual de Actividad Económica (IMAE) de 4.7% contra el primer semestre de 2018, inferior al 7.0% registrado en el año 2018 contra el 2017. Los meses de septiembre y octubre de 2019 mostraron un aumento interanual del IMAE de 5.2% indicando un nuevo repunte de la actividad económica después de las políticas monetarias expansivas del banco central (reducción de la tasa de intercambio y de la tasa de encaje legal). Estas medidas están a tono con el nivel de inflación acumulada de enero a noviembre que se situó en 3.45% y que se encuentra dentro de la meta de inflación del Banco Central de la República Dominicana. La mejora de la actividad económica vino acompañada de un aumento de 1.7 puntos porcentuales de la rentabilidad de la banca múltiple representada por el TOP 5 en el periodo de enero a septiembre de 2019 con respecto al 2018.

PR Banking Industry Report Q3 2019

The local banking industry registered another strong quarter in Q3 2019, posting an industry-wide YTD 2019 annualized Pre-Tax ROE of 14.6%. All banks achieved double-digit profitability levels when looking at YTD Pre-Tax ROE, with Popular leading the way with 19.1%, followed by Scotia with 11.9%, FirstBank with 11.1%, Santander with 10.7%, and Oriental with 10.4%. The surviving banks have been able to perform well despite a challenging operating market and a still sluggish economic recovery. The slow pace of disbursements of post-disaster federal funds has thwarted a more robust recovery from materializing. While there have been some positive developments, like a historically low unemployment rate (7.7% in Oct. 2019), Puerto Rico is still very far from being on a sustainable growth path, and questions remain about growth drivers once post-disaster funds are depleted. In this issue, we analyze expected market share distributions in the wake of the latest wave of consolidations. In June 2019 Oriental announced the acquisition of Scotia’s Puerto Rico operations, while in October 2019 FirstBank reported the purchase of Santander’s Puerto Rico operations. With these latest acquisitions, local commercial banks will come to dominate the local market.

The disparity in hospital quality metrics between Puerto Rico and the US

In general, Puerto Rico hospitals score lower than the national average in quality metrics, based on reports from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Compare database. The difference is significant in metrics related to readmission, mortality, and Emergency Department (ED) care. In this Insight we analyze several of these outcomes and explore the possible reasons behind them.

FirstBank acquires Banco Santander Puerto Rico

On October 21st First BanCorp., the bank holding company of FirstBank Puerto Rico (FirstBank), announced the acquisition of Banco Santander Puerto Rico (BSPR) for a $63M premium to BSPR’s core tangible common equity ($362M) in an all cash transaction. In this insight we will analyze the expected new market shares in the Puerto Rico banking sector after this acquisition and the recently announced purchase of Scotiabank operations by Oriental Bank.

Informe de V2A sobre la banca de RD – Enero a Junio 2019

Durante el primer semestre del año 2019 la economía dominicana mantuvo su crecimiento, reportando un aumento del Índice Mensual de Actividad Económica (IMAE) de 4.7%, una inflación de 0.92%, y una depreciación de la moneda de 1.04%. Por otro lado, la rentabilidad de la industria bancaria cerró el semestre en 21.28%, una disminución de -2.32pts respecto a Junio de 2018, impulsada principalmente por un aumento generalizado en los gastos financieros de las instituciones. La unión de Scotia Bank y Banco del Progreso se materializó el 1 de abril de este año, y aunque todavía no reportan resultados de manera unificada, ya es una realidad que son cuatro las instituciones que dominan el 78% de los activos de la Banca Múltiple y las Asociaciones de Ahorro y Préstamo: Banreservas, Banco Popular, BHD-León y Scotia-Progreso. En esta edición se presenta un análisis extensivo de los bancos fuera de ese Top 4: Cuotas de mercado, crecimiento, rentabilidad y carteras de crédito, con una mención especial a Banco Santa Cruz y los factores de crecimiento que lo posicionan como la institución con mejor desempeño de los últimos cinco años.

Mixed Economic Perspectives for Puerto Rico

The available indicators related to the Puerto Rico economy show mixed signs for the short and medium terms. There seems to be an economic deceleration despite still robust business activity in certain sectors. In this insight we evaluate the most recent economic indicators’ trends and detail the sectors driving the recent private employment increases in Puerto Rico.

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